More information on Mediterranean preferential Rules of Origin, More information about accessibility options, EU co-operation programmes for Morocco 2014 - 2017, Regional Convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin, Trade defence measures in force in Morocco, the EU's overall political and economic relations with Morocco, Sustainable Impact Assessment on a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) with Morocco. Industrial Goods. However, its competitiveness in basic manufactured goods, such as textiles, is hampered by low labour productivity and high wages. Morocco has emerged as a major cheap-labour platform for European manufacturers, as well as a commercial trans-shipment point for goods from all around the world passing through the Straits of Gibraltar. Overview About International Trade in Morocco. Within the framework of its global openness and liberalization strategy, Morocco has set up during the last decade a legal framework conducive to developing its commercial relations with some of its potential partners, through the conclusion of free trade agreements either bilaterally or regionally. Euromed is an essential component in the pursuit of greater economic integration in the Mediterranean region, including among Mediterranean partners themselves. The agreement establishes a political and economic association between the UK and Morocco, including a comprehensive free trade area. Moroccan trade is still dominated by its main import and export partner France, although France's share in Moroccan trade is declining, in favour of the US, the Persian Gulf region and China. The Kingdom has signed bilateral Free Trade Agreements with regional groupings such as … Morocco imports crude petroleum, textile fabric, telecommunications equipment, wheat, gas and electricity, … Oil products accounted for the largest share of imports, followed by automobile, gas, cable and wires, tractors, transportation and travel. Moroccan trade is still dominated by its main import and export partner France, although France's share in Moroccan trade is declining, in favour of the US, the Persian Gulf region and China. Nothing marked results in bilateral cooperation such as in traditional fields like fisheries, agriculture, health and engineering projects. Saving face is important to Moroccans and they respond much better to the soft sell with indirect communications. Morocco's foreign trade represents 88% of its GDP (World Bank, 2018). The top imports of Morocco are Refined Petroleum ($4.53B), Cars ($2.24B), Petroleum Gas ($1.5B), Vehicle Parts ($1.23B), and Coal Briquettes ($1.19B). Morocco is one of the partners of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed). Other imports include dates, petroleum oils (not crude), cobalt ores and concentrates and coffee. The establishment of a direct merchant maritime line between Tangier and ports on the US East coast would be an essential step to taking trade to the next level. According to the FTA agreement, Morocco can export to the US a duty-free quota of 15 million square meters of finished goods and 500 tonnes of thread and materials made from fibres and cotton from less developed Sub-Saharan African countries. Morocco was the 2nd African country to establish diplomatic ties with China since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949. In addition, Morocco is a member of various regional trade agreements such as the Arab Maghreb Union (AMU), the Greater Arab Free Trade Area (GAFTA), and the Arab-Mediterranean Free Trade Agreement known as the Agadir Agreement. Two-way trade in services amounted to €8,8 billion in 2016 with EU imports of services representing €5,2 billion and exports €3,6 billion. [3], As part of its economic liberalization policy, Morocco has concluded free trade agreements with GCC countries, thereby lining Morocco with 1 of the largest free trade networks in the world and giving it duty-free access to a huge market.[4]. The European Neighbourhood Policy provides for political and financial assistance to Morocco. In recent years, Morocco has reduced its dependence on phosphate exports, emerging as an exporter of manufactured and agricultural products, and as a growing tourism destination. The U.S. - Morocco FTA is comprehensive and includes chapters detailing commitment on intellectual property rights, labor, and environmental protection. Economic growth relies excessively on this sector. Moroccan-US trade has risen to $2.3 billion in 2007 from the $1.4 billion since the enforcement of the free trade agreement signed between the 2 countries in 2006, former Moroccan Minister of Trade and Economy Salaheddine Mezouar said in 2007. The Agadir Agreement entered into force in July 2006 and the implementation is ensured by the Agadir Technical Unit in Amman. This was facilitated thanks to opening by Morocco's carrier, Royal Air Maroc, of 27 links serving the continent's major cities as well as the existence in Africa of a number of Moroccan operators, especially Royal Air Maroc, mobile operator Maroc Telecom and Attijariwafa Bank. In 2008, Morocco exported $15 billion of goods and services while … Morocco signed in 1996 an agreement of association with the European Union which came into effect in 2000. Indeed, Morocco’s trade with Africa has increased by 20% in recent years, i.e. Under the agreement most Moroccan goods enter the United States duty free and virtually all will enter free by the time it is fully implemented on January 1, 2023. Morocco exports and imports most of its goods from the European Union, with France being its largest trade partner, providing one-fifth of total imports and accounting for one-quarter of exports. They have subsequently developed the FTA further through an agreement on trade in agricultural, agro-food and fisheries products and a protocol establishing a bilateral dispute settlement mechanism both of which entered into force in 2012. Morocco mainly trades with those African countries that are members of AGADIR and PAFTA or the countries with which FTAs are in place. Since its entry into force, Moroccan exports to the United States have more than doubled, and U.S. exports to Morocco have more than quadrupled. Duty Free Access to One Billion Consumers . Mezouar pointed out that Moroccan clothing exports to the USA had increased by 122% in 2006 while perfume sales had grown by 41%, also noting that US investment in Morocco exceeded $1.5 billion, mainly in tourism and clothing. The system was originally based on a network of Free Trade Agreements having identical origin protocols. Moroccan exports to the US netted $521.2 million while American exports to Morocco reached $875.5 million, up 67% from 2005. Trade between Morocco and sub-Saharan Africa has been on an upward trend since 2009, with an annual growth of 12.8% between 2000 and 2015.1 However, sub-Saharan Africa’s share of Morocco's external trade remains low in comparison with its other partners, such as the European Union, or to a lesser extent the MENA region. The Morocco FTA does NOT provide a merchandise processing fee (MPF) exemption. France is Morocco’s largest trading partner for both imports and exports, controlling more than 60% of foreign direct investment in Morocco. As the kingdom's primary trade partner, France benefits from Morocco's lack of energy reserves and food security—which create a constant dependency on foreign trade and a permanent trade deficit in Morocco. Under their Association Agreement which entered into force in March 2000, the EU and Morocco established a Free Trade Area liberalising two-way trade in goods. The UK-Morocco agreement covers: 1. trade in goods and services, including provisions on rules of origin, preferential tariffs and quotas 2. intellectual property 3. sanitary and phytosanitary measures 4. government procurement It replicates wider elements of the EU-Morocco agreement such as provisions on political dialogue and ot… Know the main economic sectors in Morocco: the place of agriculture, industry and services in the GDP. Morocco's trade with the African countries has jumped from $533 million in 1998 to around $3 billion in 2008, up 460%. Negotiations for a Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area (DCFTA) between the EU and Morocco were launched on 1 March 2013. U.S. exports to Morocco grew 19% in 2010, with the sectors of waste and scrap, apparel manufactures, food manufactures, electrical equipment and appliances, and nonmetallic mineral products growing the fastest. Other exports items include electric components, inorganic chemicals, transistors, citrus fruits, vegetables, fish. In 2006, Morocco entered into a free-trade agreement (FTA) with the United States. Although Morocco runs a structural trade deficit, this is typically offset by substantial services earnings from tourism and large remittance inflows from the diaspora, and the country normally runs a small current-account surplus.[1]. More information on the Agadir Agreement. The top five exported HS 6 digit level products to world by Morocco along with trade value are: Morocco exported Automobiles with reciprocating piston engine di, worth US$ 2,108,423.52 million. More information on the Euro-Mediterranean partnership. 64,6 % of Morocco's exports went to the EU, and 56,5% of Morocco's imports came from the EU. The Morocco Free Trade Agreement (MAFTA) went into effect on January 1, 2006. economic operators. cumulation between two or more countries) between the EU, EFTA States, Turkey, the Western Balkans, the Faroe Islands, and any countries which signed the Barcelona Declaration of 1995. Trade with the latter accounted for 56.7% and 15.3%, respectively, of Morocco's total trade in 2015, compared to only 3.4% with sub-Saharan Africa. However, according to UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2020, FDI flows to Morocco decreased by 55% to USD 1,6 billion in 2019. Euromed is one of the key initiatives of the European Neighbourhood Policy, through which the EU offers its neighbours a privileged relationship, building upon a mutual commitment to common values (including democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development). http://www.economist.com/countries/Morocco/profile.cfm?folder=Profile-FactSheet, http://www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/newsbriefs/general/2007/05/16/newsbrief-01, http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/zflt/eng/zxxx/t210622.htm, http://memrieconomicblog.org/bin/content.cgi?article=190, http://www.magharebia.com/cocoon/awi/xhtml1/en_GB/features/awi/features/2008/09/22/feature-02, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trade_in_Morocco&oldid=939449990, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2018, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 February 2020, at 15:15. Total trade in goods between the EU and Morocco in 2017 amounted to €37,4 billion. Grains, fruits and vegetables are the country's main crops. Morocco's foreign trade represents 88% of its GDP (World Bank, 2018). If seen as a single entity, the EU is by far Morocco's largest trading partner. Phosphates and textiles are central to Morocco's export industry. The DCFTA will build on the existing EU-Morocco Association Agreement which entered into force in 2000 and created a Free Trade Area between the EU and Morocco. In October 2007, French President Nicolas Sarkozy travelled to Morocco on an official state visit to King Mohammed VI. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. In trade and economic cooperation, the volume of bilateral trade has increased incessantly, reaching $1.16 billion US dollars in 2004,"Wu said. Trade: The top exports of Morocco are Cars ($4.92B), Insulated Wire ($3.53B), Mixed Mineral or Chemical Fertilizers ($2.86B), Phosphoric Acid ($1.48B), and Non-Knit Women's Suits ($1.38B). However, Morocco does not wish to position itself … Rules of origin are the technical criteria which determine whether a specific product qualifies for duty free or other preferential access under a given trade agreement. The Agreement entered into force on January 1, 2006. Unless otherwise mentioned “EU” concerns for all indicated years the current European Union of 27 Member States. Morocco is the EU’s 22nd trading partner representing 1,0% of the EU’s total trade with the world. Trade with Morocco from 1 January 2021 Continuing the UK's trade relationship with Morocco: parliamentary report UK-Palestinian Authority political, trade and partnership agreement Morocco’s main trade is importing and exporting. "Sino-Moroccan relations have all along developed soundly and stably with friendly cooperation deepening continuously in all fields, thanks to the joint efforts by the leaders and peoples of the 2 countries, no matter how international situation changes,"Wu Bangguo, chairman of the Standing Committee of the Chinese National People's Congress, said during his meeting with Abdeloughed Radi, president of Morocco's Chamber of Representatives, in 2005. However, questions surrounding fair trade prompted Moroccan exporters to call for a review of the Morocco-US free trade agreement, signed in … Significant developments that may have an impact on the global trading system are also monitored. [2] Moroccan exports to the US rose by 25% in 2007, and noted that trade has been facilitated and promoted by the FTA between the 2 countries. Morocco exported Ignition wiring sets&oth wiring sets of a kind, worth US$ 1,916,019.26 million. Morocco has highly negative net exports and therefore deep international trade deficits under the mineral fuels including oil category notably for refined petroleum oils, petroleum gas, coal then petroleum coke including other residues from petroleum oil. Morocco Trade Statistics. The Caisse de dépôt et de gestion forecasts that if imports continue to rise faster than exports, the disparity could reach 21% of GDP. The Free Trade Area established under the EU-Morocco Association Agreement provides for: The EU and Morocco concluded negotiations for an Agreement on Geographical Indications in January 2015:  respective procedures for adopting this Agreement are now underway. Textiles and leather items come in second place, followed by fish and fish products. These individual origin protocols are being progressively replaced by a reference to the Regional Convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin (PEM Convention), which was established in 2011 to provide a more unified framework for origin protocols. Morocco is the largest recipient of EU funds in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy. FDI stock reached USD 66 billion in 2019, a rise of more than USD 20 billion when compared to 2010 level. Morocco's FTA with the EU, which was signed in 1996, entered into force in 2000 and is being incrementally implemented with the aim of creating an EU-Morocco free trade zone by 2012, noting that the abolition of tariffs on industrial goods has been a boom for Moroccan manufacturers as some 75% of Morocco's exports go to Europe. Morocco is looking to expand its textile markets outside the EU due to strong competition after the EU abolished quotas for Asian textiles in January 2005. It replaces the EU-Morocco agreement. [5] Exports were $4.3 billion; imports were $2.3 billion. The EU is Morocco's largest trading partner, accounting for 59,4% of its trade in 2017. Morocco is a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) since 1995. The DCFTA also aims at supporting ongoing economic reforms in Morocco and at bringing the Moroccan legislation closer to that of the EU in trade-related areas. The European Union is Morocco’s primary trading partner, accounting for about 60% of Morocco’s agricultural exports. A Sustainability Impact Assessment on a DCFTA was carried out by an independent contractor in 2013. The United States and Morocco signed an FTA on June 15, 2004. Main Industry Sectors. Moroccans’ knowledge of French has also led French banking and call-centre firms to set up service operations in Morocco. Know the distribution of economic activity by sector in Morocco: Employment by sector (% of total employment); Value added (% of GDP); Value added (% of annual growth). Accompanied by 70 top French business executives, Sarkozy confirmed several billion dollars' worth of contracts for French firms in Morocco. The EU's exports to Morocco are dominated by machinery and transport equipment (€8,4 billion, 37,7%), followed by fuels, metals and minerals (€5,2 billion, 23,4%), textiles and clothing (€1,8 billion, 8,1%), and agricultural products (€1,6 billion, 7,3%). The United States-Morocco FTA is a comprehensive agreement that supports the significant economic and political reforms that are underway in Morocco and provides for improved commercial opportunities for U.S. exports to Morocco by reducing and eliminating trade barriers. It brings together the EU, Morocco, and other partners in Europe and the Mediterranean to support regional integration by creating a common system of rules of origin. Determine the main products exported and imported by Morocco. Trade in Goods. Cumulation of origin means a product coming from one partner country can be processed or added to a product of a second partner country and still be considered an “originating product” of that second partner country for the purposes of a particular trade agreement. Morocco acceded to the Regional Convention on 18 April 2012. Morocco's merchandise exports comprise three main groups of products which account for about 80 per cent of the country's merchandise export earnings: agricultural produce and seafood, textiles and clothing, and phosphate and phosphate derivatives. U.S. goods and services trade with Morocco totaled an estimated $6.6 billion in 2019. Morocco - Market Overview MOR - Market Overview Discusses key economic indicators and trade statistics, which countries are dominant in the market, the U.S. market share, the political situation if relevant, the top reasons why U.S. companies should consider exporting to this country, and other issues that affect trade, e.g., terrorism, currency devaluations, trade agreements. Although there are local arts and crafts found on every corner of the street, most of the locally produced arts and crafts are being exported to neighboring countries. The minister added that he expects to see a reversal of the imbalance by 2010.[6]. If seen as a single entity, the EU is by far Morocco's largest trading partner. Four negotiating rounds have taken place so far, the most recent in April 2014. a 1.5 billion dollar increases and recently accelerated with a 13% growth in trade with sub-Saharan Africa in 2014. The EU's imports from Morocco are dominated by machinery and transport equipment (€6,0 billion, 40,4%), agricultural products (€3,4 billion, 23,0%), and textiles and clothing (€2,9 billion, 19,3%). All WTO members are subject to review, with the frequency of review depending on the country's size. Morocco's trade imbalance rose from $86 billion to $118 billion dirhams between 2006 and 2007 – a 26.6% increase bringing the total amount to 17% of GDP. The heads of the parliaments of China and Morocco vowed in Rabat in 2005 to work for the further development of bilateral ties in all fields, including trade. The pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation system of origin was created in 2005. In 2018, Morocco major trading partner countries for exports were Spain, France, United States, Italy and India and for imports they were Spain, France, China, United States and Italy. France is Morocco's largest trading partner, followed by Spain. Morocco in world trade. The plan, Maâzouz said, "will enable us to redress the external trade situation and to reduce Morocco’s trade deficit." This translated into a trade surplus with Morocco of $1.26 billion in 2010, a 3,505% increase over the $35 million trade surplus of 2005. Morocco is a net importer of agricultural and related products, which generally consist of imports of bulk commodities and exports of high-value, consumer-oriented products. Trade . Morocco Trade Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit; Balance of Trade -8582.00-8570.00 … Cars spearheaded exports in 2018 (12.2%), followed by enamelled or anodised wire, fertilizers, suits, travel, transportation and business services. Trade Policy Reviews are an exercise, mandated in the WTO agreements, in which member countries' trade and related policies are examined and evaluated at regular intervals. This committed all parties to removing all tariffs on trade between them and to harmonizing their legislation with regard to standards and customs procedures. Meanwhile, Moroccan imports from Spain include fuel and lubricants (13.9 percent), auto parts (13.3 percent) and clothing fabrics (9.9 percent). The EU is Morocco's largest trading partner, accounting for 59,4% of its trade in 2017. The overall goal of the negotiations is to create new trade and investment opportunities and ensure a better integration of Morocco's economy into the EU single market. Thanks to the richness of Morocco's soil, the agricultural sector is dominant, employing almost half of the active population and contributing around 20% to the GDP. Morocco main exports partners are European Union countries with Spain, France and Italy being the most important. However the quality of the arts and crafts has worsened over the centuries and has been corrupted by modern techniques and chemical dyes. This trend can be explained by the weakn… In 2004, Morocco signed the Agadir Agreement with Jordan, Egypt, and Tunisia. This agreement, which lies within the scope of the Barcelona Process (Euro-Mediterranean partnership) started in 1995 and envisages the progressive implementation of a free trade area planned for 2012. Oil products accounted for the largest share of imports, followed by automobile, gas, cable and wires, tractors, transportation and travel. Foreign Trade in Figures. In 2006, Moroccan-US trade was up 44% over 2005. Morocco is dependent on imported fuel and its food import requirement can rise substantially in drought years, as in 2007. This agreement is the only U.S. FTA on the continent of Africa. Financial assistance is provided by the European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI), which provides funds for neighbouring countries based on mutually agreed policy objectives and priorities. The U.S. goods and services … By Sector. More information on EU support is available on the site of the Directorate General for Neighbourhood and Enlargement Negotiations: tariff-free two-way trade of industrial products, together with a selective liberalisation of trade in agricultural, agro-food and fisheries products, rules and disciplines on non-tariff based trade measures, a general right to establish businesses and provide services in the other territory, common rules on competition and intellectual property, Rules and requirements for trading with Morocco. Foreign Trade Minister Abdellatif Maâzouz said earlier in September that members of the government have agreed to a plan focused on four major areas: a concerted export development strategy, the regulation of imports, market and economic monitoring, and the adaptation of regulations and working practices. Cars spearheaded exports in 2018 (12.2%), followed by enamelled or anodised wire, fertilizers, suits, travel, transportation and business services. 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