The Crested porcupine is so called due to its back, which can raise, becoming a crest on occasion. They eat roots and bulbs, and regularly raid farmers crops. It grows up to 36 inches (90 centimeters) long. It mostly eats fruit and tough roots, but has been known to scavenge the remains of dead animals. Porcupines can somewhat talk and love to eat pumpkins. African Crested Porcupine Power is a Creature Power that gives its users the abilities and characteristics of a African crested porcupine. The crested porcupine is an Old World porcupine inhabiting Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa named for its impressive and defensive crest of 35 centimeter-long quills. It grows up to 15 inches (38 cm) long. Despite a mistaken belief that porcupines shoot their quills, these animals, in fact, spread their quills, backing into the opponent and opening them upon contact. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. The lifespan of wild Indian crested porcupines is unknown, but the oldest known captive individual was a female that lived to be 27.1 years old. During the first 2 - 3 weeks, they feed upon maternal milk, until they include solid food in their diet. Some quills, like those of Africa's crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. Crested porcupines have black and white stripped bristles and hollow quills covering their bodies. They are known as Old World porcupines, and they live on the ground. The most likely victim of a porcupine quill to the nose is your pet. These rodents inhabit forests, rocky and mountainous areas, croplands and sandhill deserts of Italy, Sicily and the Mediterranean coast of Africa up to northern Zaire and Tanzania. Porcupine or hedgehog? The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. Family Hystricidae. PicFacts. Except for the Crested and the North American, all other species are from sub-tropical or tropical climate. It … The crested porcupine is part of the family Hystricidae. Almost the entire body is covered with bristles which are either dark brown or black and rather coarse. Least … If you encounter a porcupine in the wild or in your neighborhood, don't worry. The collective noun for a mother porcupine and her young is a ‘prickle’. Cape porcupines are also known to gnaw on bones for calcium as well as in order to sharpen their incisors. Facts about Indian Crested Porcupine. The largest porcupine is the crested porcupine, found in North Africa, which grows up to 36 inches long. According to IUCN, The Crested porcupine is generally common and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. 10. Some quills, like those of Africa’s crested porcupine, are nearly a foot long. As nocturnal animals, porcupines use their long whiskers to help them feel around in the dark when foraging. It can grow up to 90 centimeters long and weigh up to 30 kilograms. Note the moderate perivascular infiltrates by predominantly lymphocytes and plasma cells, as well as the central malacic area of gray matter with extensive glial cell and mixed mononuclear leucocyte infiltration. 9. New World porcupines are found in forests in America. The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. These prickles are wide, thin walled and hollow-tipped. The more common name for this species is the crested porcupine. African crested porcupines are the largest species of porcupines found in Africa. When the Crested porcupine is threatened, these quills vibrate, producing a hiss-like sound. Meanwhile, these rodents are social animals, forming small family units of an adult pair and their offspring. 1. Here are 8 Interesting Facts About Porcupine. These quills protect the porcupine against predators. Fun Facts They are nocturnal and active during the night and are fairly social; sometimes traveling in two’s or three’s. The amazingly strong front feet allow the animal excavate substantial burrows. Crested Porcupines are nocturnal animals, meaning that they spend the day in their dens and forage for food at night. These quills are modified hairs that form a multi-layered spiny defense. The quills of New World porcupines are much smaller (about 4 inches or 10 centimeters long) but work just as well. Unlike the 'New World' porcupines, this porcupine is a ground-dwelling and burrowing animal. A porcupine's prickly coat of quills is its first line of defence. Photomicrograph of T. gondii cyst in brain of an African crested porcupine. The African Crested Porcupine, also known as a crested porcupine, is one of the world’s largest rodents. Figure 2. Crested porcupines weigh 10-30 kilograms or 22-66 pounds. The crested porcupine is the size of a small raccoon, but it has the ability to make itself look much larger. African crested Porcupine {Hystrix cristata} - Author: Drew Avery. They rest in a den or a cave. Cape porcupines are one of the world’s largest porcupine species. – Source. Here are some fun facts about the fascinating creatures, and a few answers to some earnest questions. The largest porcupine, the North African crested porcupine, grows up to 36 inches (90 centimetres). The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) is a rodent that most people recognize. The African Crested Porcupine (Hystrix cristata), also known as the crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae, found in Italy, Sicily, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Depending on species porcupines weigh 2.5 to 77 lbs. African Crested Porcupines are the largest species of porcupines in the world and heaviest of all African rodents. Though they forage alone, they live in small family groups made up of an adult pair and their young, both infants and juveniles. The spines are thicker in diameter and longer in length than the quills. Porcupine predators include: wolverines, coyotes, martens, bears, cougars, eagles, owls, fishers, and humans. Interesting Facts. In order to wear down their teeth, these rodents chew hard objects such as bones, collecting them in their burrows. Quills of newborn porcupines are soft, starting to harden just a few hours after birth. More About African Crested Porcupines. Like other rodents, crested porcupines are nocturnal, and monogamous. When threatened or aggressive, crested porcupines stamp their feet, growl and grunt. They’re covered in sharp spikes that make it very difficult for predators to hunt them. Each quill is brown and black in color, with alternating bands of white. Porcupines have natural antibiotics in their skin and are the only mammals native to North America to have such p . The young are born in a special chamber, located in their burrow system and lined with grass. A porcupine’s body bristles with large, stiff, sharp-tipped hairs called spines or quills. The crested porcupine (Hystrix cristata) also known as the African crested porcupine, is a species of rodent in the family Hystricidae found in Italy, North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. The end of each quill has a small barb (like a fish hook) that snags the flesh, keeping the quill stuck in the enemy's skin. Key Facts & Information Physical Features Let's take a look at some interesting facts about porcupines: Porcupines are a mammal that is often considered a rodent. The North African crested porcupine are herbivores. These circular quills can range up to … In rural areas, they may eat cultivated crops, such as groundnuts, potatoes, pumpkins and melons. The North African crested porcupine is the largest. Gestation period lasts for 112 days, yielding 1 - 2 well-developed babies. The smallest is the Bahia hairy dwarf porcupine. Normally, when we talk about hedgehogs, we’re talking about much smaller animals that have small spikes that surround their entire bodies uniformly. Their diet consists of tubers, bark, bulbs, fruit, and roots and they can travel up to … The end of each quill has a small barb (like a fish hook) that snags the flesh, keeping the quill stuck in the enemy’s skin. Within the first week of their lives, young porcupines begin to venture from the den, by which time their spines start hardening. Normally, when we talk about hedgehogs, we’re talking about much smaller animals that have small spikes that surround their entire bodies uniformly. It made its first and only appearance in the season 1 episode "Quillber's Birthday Present." New World porcupines are found in forests in America. As long as you don't approach it or touch it, it will leave you alone. Crested porcupine - Hystrix cristata Linnaeus, 1758 Images from the web. This porcupine has quills that can be as long as 18 inches (45 cm). Baby porcupines … The spines on … Due to consuming cultivated crops and gnawing on plantation trees, these rodents are persecuted and poisoned with bait by farmers as a pest species. They are covered with flat, bristly hairs and have quills and spines on the back and flanks. Porcupine Quills. They are common in sub-Saharan Africa, but can be found as far away as northern Africa and Italy. Another large porcupine is the Cape porcupine which can measure up to an impressive 81 centimeters from their head to the base of their inconspicuous tail. Crested Porcupine Wikipedia article -, 2. The adult crested porcupine has an average head and body length of about 60 to 83 cm (24 to 33 in) long, discounting the tail, and weighs from 13 to 27 kg (29 to 60 lb). The largest porcupines are found in Africa and Asia. Populations in both Europe and Africa attract hunters for their meat, which is a delicacy in some countries of North and West Africa. Wild crested porcupines can be found in parts of Italy such as Sicily. The Crested Porcupine have been known to kill lions, leopards, hyenas, and even humans because of their painful quills. There are black and white quills on the neck and back. Crested porcupines are nocturnal and dig burrows or inhabit caves. The largest porcupines are found in Africa and Asia. The Crested porcupines are monogamous animals, forming long-lasting pairs. The black and white quills along the head and back of this spiny mammal can be raised into a crest. These families live in complex burrow systems, where they spend their winter months without hibernating. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. Their long incisors never stop growing, and they gnaw on branches and tree trunks to file their teeth. They return to the den and rest during the day. In the zoo, crested porcupines may be fed yams, apples and spinach. The Crested Porcupine is the largest porcupine in the world. Their legs are short and strong and … 8. Porcupine or hedgehog? IUCN SSC Small Mammal Specialist Group. In comparison, the largest porcupine species in the world, the African crested porcupine, and the African Cape porcupine which are very similiar sub-species, is a ground-dweller that can reach 60 pounds in size. Generally you don’t want to mess with porcupines but you definitely don’t want to mess with the Indian Crested Porcupine. Length. A Crested Porcupine is around 30-60 pounds (13-27 KG) and 2-3 feet (60-83 CM). This rodent has rather long quills of up to 16 inches. In defense, when disturbed, they raise and fan their quills to make themselves look bigger. It is best recognized by its quills. This porcupine has quills that can be as long as 18 inches (45 cm). They have roundish heads, small eyes and ears and a blunt, stubby muzzle. African Crested Porcupine. Farmers use dogs to hunt them or smoke them out of burrows. They are also hunted for their quills, used as ornaments and talismans. (1.2 to 35 kilograms), and their tails can grow up to 8 to 12 inches (20 to 30 cm). In addition, they can use carrion on occasion. Beneath the longer, thinner spines lies a layer of shorter and thicker ones. HE stain; bar 5 200 mm. 8. The largest porcupine is the North African crested porcupine. It has one incisor tooth, one premolar tooth, and three molars. Both sexes are about 84 cm in length. 6. The specific name, cristatus, comes from Latin and means provided with a comb, relating to its crest of quills. Welcome to the sixth great mass extinction! Crested porcupine Crested porcupine in captivity Conservation status. It has four toes on it front feet and five toes on its back feet. A porcupine’s body bristles with large, stiff, sharp-tipped hairs called spines or quills. Mostly nocturnal and travel long distances in search of food and lives breeds. 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